Islam Ensures Human’s Security
Allah says in the Quran: “Allah has promised those who have believed among you and done righteous deeds that He will grant them succession to authority upon the earth just as He granted it to those before them and that He will surely establish for them their religion which He has approved for them, and will give them in safety in exchange of their fear. They serve me. They ascribe nothing as a partner unto me. Those who disbelieve henceforth, they are the miscreants.” (Al-Nur: 55).
Ubayy Bin Ka’b, may Allah be pleased with him, said: “When the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, and his companions came to Madina, and were sheltered by Ansar, they couldn’t go to bed at night without their weapons. They said: ‘Do you think that the day will come when we can finally go to bed at night fearing no one but Allah?!’ Then Allah revealed: “Allah has promised those who have believed among you and done righteous deeds”. (Al-Hakim 2/401). Thus, Allah has promised to grant those who have believed and who are righteous succession and security. But how should we define faith and moral uprightness?
Faith is an action directed solely to Allah, coupled with an obedience and submission that is not tainted by humans’ lust or whims. It is also related to, and grows with, adherence to the Prophet’s sunnah, peace be upon him. It is a conviction that overwhelms a human’s heart, soul, gestures, and behavior. As Allah said: “…they worship me, not associating anything with me” (Al-Nur: 55), which is why performing rituals for other than Allah is a kind of disbelief (In the Shade of the Quran, 6/118).
Moral uprightness means avoiding deadly sins and carrying out virtuous deeds, which in return contributes to communities’ rectitude. Thus, moral righteousness is an Islamic principle that is part of faith and rectitude which contributes to societies’ security and empowerment.
Allah has demonstrated in the holy Quran the means of achieving rectitude and order in societies. He says: “Allah enjoins justice and kindness, and giving to kinsfolk, and forbids lewdness and abomination and wickedness. He exhorted you in order that you may take heed.” (Nahl: 90), and: “O you who believe, do not squander your wealth among yourselves in vanity, except it be in trade by mutual consent, and do not kill yourselves.” (Al-Nisa’: 29), and: “When he goes away, he strives throughout the land to cause corruption therein and destroy crops and cattle. But Allah does not like corruption.” (Al-Baqara: 205), and: “So would you, if you turned away, cause corruption on earth and sever your ties of kinship?” (Muhammad: 22).
The Prophet, peace be upon him, demonstrated the proper code of conduct between governors and citizens, treaty makers, and even foes – during invasion, reconciliation and alliance – which further contributes to any society’s security. Adhering to these enjoinments leads to a nation’s succession, empowerment and security. The Quranic verse included these three promises: Frist: “Grant them succession (authority) upon the earth”, Second: “establish for them their religion which He has approved for them,” Third: “We will give them safety in exchange for their fear.”
So what is succession? It is dominance and power used as a means of restoring and reconstructing land, and it is what Allah has ordained for mankind in order to strive for perfection while on earth. Thus, succession on earth means to reform the land and achieve justice, serenity, and awareness of transcendence in the humanistic system. This succession is the promise of Allah to those who believe and carry out moral deeds so that they can achieve justice and reach perfection. Although those who spread oppression and injustice can never attain succession as misdeeds are the antithesis of perfection. Succession ensures the establishment of religion, as in this verse: “He will surely establish for them their religion which He has approved for them,” which indicates a promise of a strong conviction that overwhelms their hearts, a religion that calls for reformation, justice, order, and maintenance of the earth, spread all over the world. (In the Shade of the Quran, 6/118).
Likewise, since souls tend to anticipate future objectives, the verse initiated these promises of empowerment, security, and the spread of religion to motivate believers to embrace monotheism as a binding force by denoting and stating the promised benefits that Allah will bestow upon them in return. Then Allah said: “which He has approved for them” to ratify the statement and motivate them. (Spirit of Meanings, 18/208). The establishment of religion means the peaceful spreading of the belief in God all over the world, since a widespread thriving religion will never vanish. This promise is referred to by the Prophet, peace be upon him, in the following Hadith: “Allah drew the ends of the world near one another for my sake. And I have seen its eastern and western ends. And the dominion of my nation would reach those ends which have been drawn near me” (Muslim 2889).
The pronoun “them” in “He has approved for them” is used to emphasize their religion’s superiority and that Allah chose them as followers of this religion who must carry out the task of spreading justice and mercy. Hence, they are the medium of establishing religion, as it is also said: “We will exchange their fear with safety” instead of ‘we will secure them’ to reassure them that Allah will secure them from their enemies, since their lives were in jeopardy at that time and they longed for security, as stated in the Hadith. (Liberation and Enlightenment, 18/287). Ibn Arabi, may Allah have mercy on him, said, “The promise of this verse came true when the four caliphs, Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali – who embraced the religion that Allah approved for them – were elected. They then conducted righteous policies that enabled the spread religion and security all over the nation.” (Provisions of the Quran by Ibn Arabi, 3/1392).
However, Ibn Katheer, may Allah have mercy on him, notes that Muslim narrated from Jabir bin Samura, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Prophet, peace be upon him, said: “The affairs of the people will continue to be conducted well as long as they are governed by twelve men, all of them will be from the Quraish.” (Muslim 1821). This Hadith foretells the succession of twelve just Caliphs rather than four, which also proves that they are not the twelve Shiites imams, since they all are from Quraysh, and aren’t necessarily consecutive; but the first four of them were: Abu Bakr, then Umar, then Uthman, then Ali, may Allah be pleased with them all. Then others came in at different periods, though some of them haven’t appeared yet, including the Imam Mahdi, whose name will match the Messenger’s name, peace be upon him, and will overwhelm land with justice and fairness. (Great interpretation of the Quran, 3/301).
The promise of Allah will always come true as long as Muslims worship Allah, without associating anyone with Him, and carry out righteous deeds. For the promise of empowerment and security is a guarantee for any nation that embraces this approach in all of its affairs, though whoever violates these terms will never be secure. (In the Shade of the Quran, 6/120 and 121).
Praise and thanks to Allah, Lord of the Worlds.
* General-Vice President