The Moroccan Party of Justice and Development
The Justice and Development Party of Morocco, is a political party stemming from the Islamic authority within the framework of the constitutional monarchy based on the Emirate of the believers. It bases its roots on the writings of Sayyid Qutb and Abu Ala Mawdudi and his small book ‘the four terms’, which speaks of the Islamic State in response to the colonial power.
The birth of the party (SPLM constitutional democracy)
This movement began in the mid-fifties in Morocco, with the encouragement of the palace to keep in balance the power of the Independence Party. They gained popularity and maintained a degree of stability and harmony within the leadership, particularly among the two main leaders, Mahjoubi Ahrdan and Abdel Karim al-Khatib.
In February 1967, after the split from the Movement which was founded with Mahjoubi Ahradan, Dr. Al-Khatib and his supporters announced the formation of The Popular Movement Party constitutional democracy, which followed a more Islamic direction, and showed support for the monarchy. Due to the party’s lack of a organizational structure or popular base, it has earned support from the palace and the official authorities in Morocco as well as historical legitimacy of its leader acquired during the period of armed resistance against the French.
Since then the movement has followed fundamentalist views, and refused to participate in parliamentary elections, which Al-Khateeb considers a disgraceful way of appointing (members of the government) prior to their participation in 1997.
Founder of the party
Abdul-Karim al-Khatib (b. 1921) became involved in the ranks of the Moroccan resistance against the French occupation since the early fifties; he received many important positions in the government of Morocco, including the presidency of the parliament. He is also well renowned doctor. Khatib is a respected international figure, and friends with many famous people, such as former President of South Africa Nelson Mandela and Abassi Madani, President of the Islamic Salvation Front in Algeria.
Khatib rejected any relationship with the JCO headed by Abdel-Salam Yassin at that time, because the group views participating in the electoral process contradictory with Islamic law, and instead they want isolation.
Secretary-general of the party
Abdul Ilah Ibn Kiran (b. 1954), he joined the Islamic Youth in 1976, and played a role in making the party in its current form, where bin Kiran and his group in 1992 took refuge with the late Dr. Abdul Karim Al-Khatib, who was leading the banned party SPLM on the basis of the revival of the party flooded by Islamists, before Khatib accepted with the condition that the Islamists themselves accept the Constitutional Monarchy, and renounce violence.
The results of the legitimacy gained by Islamists through Al-Khatib’s party, took part in the 1997 elections, and became their parliamentary group in the House of Representatives. In a short period the presence of the party’s in the political arena has been remarkable. Al-Khatib, thinks the 1997 elections will be more free than ever before. Khatib explained that his party’s candidates, about 142, including three women, are not fundamentalists or Islamists but Muslims. They are not extremists or violent and accept a moderate image of Islam and a constitutional monarchy.
The party and the first parliamentary elections
The party won in the polls 80 seats out of 395, in (what was) the first elections held after the constitutional amendments (Friday, November 25, 2011) the new constitution stating that the king appoints the prime minister from the party that has the largest gains.
– The website of the Justice and Development Party.
– Encyclopedia of Islamic movements in the Arab world, Iran and Turkey
– Ahmad Mouselly Bldg.
– Abdul Ilah Bin Kiran .. Cyclones and storms man walking towards the edges of the most rugged
– Talha Jibril (Al Middle East November 21, 2011).
– Abdul Karim Khatib (Al Jazeera Net 10/03/2004)