Taking non-Muslims as allies against the Muslims in Afghanistan and Iraq
Many people are confused in the matter of having links with disbelievers and the rulings of having dealings with them, and so they make all of this on a single level, which necessitates that having dealings with them enters into taking them as allies, which is itself Islamically forbidden.
Therefore, in order to remove the confusion and to uncover the misunderstanding in this matter, I say: –
Having dealings with disbelievers and having ties with them is not on a single level in Islamic legislation, rather it is of many types, which we can summarise in the following: –
1. Permissible ties and permissible dealings, such as business dealings with them – buying, selling, and other things – and such as marriage with the women of the People of the Book, as well as eating their food, visiting them, giving them gifts, and similar things. Similarly, governmental dealings, such as signing contracts, treaties, and alliances, and establishing good ties with them; the fundamental ruling in all of these things is one of permissibility, if the controls which Islamic legislation has laid down are observed. None of these things enter into the forbidden action of taking them as allies. There are many proofs for this in the Book of Allah, the Exalted, and in the Sunnah of His Messenger (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), both in things that he said, did, and approved of, and the actions of the Islamic nation have been along this basis throughout history.
2. Impermissible ties and impermissible dealings. They are of many types:
The first type: that which is considered to be taking them as allies, in a way that negates a person’s Islam and takes them outside of the religion. This is what is referred to by some of the people of knowledge as tawalli, since tawalli is more specific than simply taking them as allies. Other scholars refer to this as taking them as allies in a special way. Its bounds and principles: Loving the disbelievers and helping them in order to promote their religion, and this will never happen from someone who believes in Allah, the Exalted, and his Messenger (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). The proof for this type can be found in the statement of Allah, the Exalted:
“O you who have believed, do not take My enemies and your enemies as allies, extending to them affection while they have disbelieved in what came to you of the truth, having driven out the Prophet and yourselves [only] because you believe in Allah, your Lord. If you have come out for jihad in My cause and seeking means to My approval, [take them not as friends]. You confide to them affection, but I am most knowing of what you have concealed and what you have declared. And whoever does it among you has certainly strayed from the soundness of the way.” [Al-Mumtahanah 60:1]
Similarly, the statement of Allah, the Exalted:
O you who have believed, do not take the Jews and the Christians as allies. They are [in fact] allies of one another. And whoever is an ally to them among you – then indeed, he is [one] of them. Indeed, Allah guides not the wrongdoing people. [Al-Maa’idah 5:51]
And Allah’s statement:
Let not believers take disbelievers as allies rather than believers. And whoever [of you] does that has nothing with Allah, except when taking precaution against them in prudence. And Allah warns you of Himself, and to Allah is the [final] destination. [Aal-‘Imraan 3:28]
The second type: that which is considered to be a sin with the ruling of the major and destructive sins, however it does not reach the level of being something which negates a person’s Islam. Its bounds and principles: Helping the disbelievers and supporting them against the Muslims without right, whilst hating the disbelief and the making partners with Allah which they are upon. For example, the action of the companion Haatib bin Abi Balta’ah when he informed Quraysh of the advance of the Messenger of Allah (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), yet the Messenger of Allah (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) did not declare him by his action to be outside of Islam, rather he asked him the reason which led him to do such a shameful act.
Those who look into the examples which are given by some of the extremists regarding the position of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in its ties with certain countries such as America, Europe, or other countries of the world, finds that these ties are from those which are permissible and allowed under Islamic legislation. Those extremists have not been able to bring a single clear proof that one of their examples comes under the ruling of taking allies which takes a person outside of Islam. In fact, the position of the Kingdom on matters relating to the Muslims, among them the matter of Palestine, Afghanistan, and Iraq, is from the most honourable of positions and the most beneficial for Islam and the Muslims, and the present is the best witness to this.
As for the Afghan situation, the Saudi nation has supported this cause, materially and morally, whether in the first war to prevent Soviet aggression, or after the war in the attempt to bring about peace between the Afghan factions who fought amongst themselves after that. Just as the Kingdom gave its maximum effort to anticipate and prevent events from happening, rather than have the American war against Afghanistan, except that the extremists made the situation difficult, without the success of these efforts, and they destroyed the work of several countries and organizations and their efforts to stop the occurrence of this war. However, in the end all of these efforts returned as a failure. And Allah has full power and control over His Affairs.
Similarly, the Iraqi situation, the Kingdom was keen to unite Iraq and to support it and to stand alongside it and to promote its interests at international councils. When Saddam Hussein entered Kuwait with his forces, the Kingdom strove to extinguish the troubles and to convince him to leave in every way possible, yet he did not accept during negotiations, to the point that his condition reached what it reached. When foreign troops occupied Iraq, the Saudi nation warned of the seriousness of events and put every effort into ending the occupation and correcting the situation in Iraq, except that there were huge obstacles that reduced the effect of these efforts.
In summary, the position of the Kingdom with respect to the matters which affect the Muslims is the best witness that this nation has not stood against the Muslims even a single day, as those who have a sickness in their hearts imagine. In fact, helping the Muslims, shouldering their issues and adopting them, as well as defending them, as been its attitude and position. And Allah is the one who guides to the straight path.