Terrorism’s correlation to the Kharijites’ approach to penalty in Islamic law
Dr. Abdel Aziz al-Fozan’s research addresses terrorism and its correlation to the Kharijites’ approach to penalty in Islamic law through multiple studies. He included in the first study the reality of terrorism by examining the core of terrorism, its linguistic and terminological definition in the West, compared to its meaning found in the Arabic language and doctrinal meanings. He demonstrated that the word “terror” is never mentioned in the Quran or Prophetic tradition, although there is a word derived from “rahaba” which equates more to “awe”, “veneration” or “fear” of God, and is found in twelve places in the Holy Quran as well as in Sunnah.
As for the second study, “Terrorisms’ correlation to Kharijites”, the researcher feels that the illegitimate practices of terrorism are not a recent contemporary trend, but instead a plague that has been inflicted upon the Islamic nation throughout its long history, constantly suffering from sects that revolted against Muslim leaders and their communities, who forsake Islam’s verdicts and moderate approach. These practices were mostly carried out by the Kharijites. Thus, exposing their reality and attributes in details and whether or not they are only restricted to the sect that revolted against the companions and followers, using statements of earlier scholars such as Ibn Taymiyah and others as references.
Furthermore, the researcher believes that the scholars’ definition of Kharijites and their mentioned attributes in both religious texts and scholarly statements about this sects’ practices over the centuries, parallels remarkabley with the practices and concepts of contemporary terrorists, in whatever religion or ideology they follow. For one can’t help but notice the numerous common characteristics they both share including: ignorance of religious law and its purposes, corrupt interpretation of religious texts, empty accusations of heresy without legitimate reasons, revolting against leaders, permitting the shedding of blood or the violation of wealth and property, forsaking the orthodox community, and not attending Friday prayers and congregations.
Dr. Abdul Aziz Fawzaan addresses a third topic with a verdict of opposing and combating terrorism through studying the penalty of corruption and oppression at length, for the violent terrorist practices – in his point of view – is a form of corruption or oppression and disobedience and a revolution against Muslim leaders.